One of the most common fears for any bike owner is a failing brake system. Brake failure can mean a quick disaster for you, and especially on those downhill descents.
A common reason for brake failure is disc overheating. So, Can Disc Brakes Overheat? Let’s take a moment to talk about how discs can overheat, and what you should do if you notice any signs of disc overheating.
- 1 How Do Disc Brakes Overheat?
- 2 How to Cool Down My Hot Rotors?
- 3 What To Do When Brakes Overheat
- 4 Should My Bike’s Brake Fluid Boil?
- 5 When Should I Replace My Disc Brake Pads?
- 6 Final Words
What Are Bike Disc Brakes Made Of?
To start with, let’s understand your bike’s disc brakes.
A bike disc brake is made up of a metal rotor that gets pressed against a spring pad. This assembly is then mounted to the outside of the fork or handlebars and in front of your wheel. These brakes also have an anti-flutter mechanism that keeps the disc from flexing too much under load.
How Does a Disc Brake On a Bike Work?
The braking system on a bicycle consists of two different pieces. The first is the braking mechanism and the second is the brake pads. The braking mechanism on a bike can be made up of either hydraulic or mechanical breaks.
A hydraulic brake is one that uses fluid pressure to slow the bicycle down. These are often equipped with both front and rear brakes. However, you can find some that are just equipped with rear brakes or just front brakes.
A mechanical brake, on the other hand, uses gears to slow the bike down. The gears work by slowing down the rotation of your wheels directly, as opposed to using fluid pressure like a hydraulic disc would use.
How Do Disc Brakes Overheat?
Many bikers complain that their brakes get too hot after riding for a while at high speeds down a hill or long descent of any kind. Again, riding your bike in hot weather increases the chances of brakes overheating.
When riding your disc breaks bike, the overheating of the breaks results from the friction that develops between the metal brake pads and the brake disc.
The only way to prevent this problem is to make sure that you use decent quality brake pads and maintain your bike brakes regularly, including keeping your discs clean. If you do not have enough braking pressure on one pad, you should also change both pads at the same time rather than try to save money with disc change over time.
How Hot Can Bicycle Disc Brakes Get?
Disc brakes on a bike can reach temperatures of up to 800 degrees but this is not enough to be a serious safety concern in normal braking conditions.
With most well-designed bikes, the bike frame and the braking system come with built-in cooling and heat sinks enough to mitigate the overheating potential.
What Should I Do If My Disc Brakes Are Overheating?
First of all, if you notice any signs of intense heat coming from your brakes, you should immediately slow down. If this doesn’t work and your bike continues to overheat, then you should look into replacing the pads on your bike brakes or stop riding for the day. Either way, it is important that you get your bike brakes fixed as soon as possible.
Can Disc Brakes Overheating Cause Braking Failure?
When your bike’s brake pads and rotors overheat, they can transfer the excessive heat to the bike’s brake fluid via the caliper piston. This results in the boiling of the brake fluid. Once this happens, the fluid loses its compression ability, thus reducing braking efficiency.
How to Cool Down My Hot Rotors?
To cool down your hot rotors, you should turn the bike upside down and shake the disc side to side. This will help cool off the discs as quickly as possible.
If, however, you continue to ride a bicycle that is overheating, then you could be putting yourself at risk of a serious injury. Overheating brakes can cause abrasions on your hands and other parts of your body through contact with hot metal or friction.
If you are not careful when riding your disc brakes bike, then you could find that you have burned yourself from touching an overheated brake pad or rotor. It is important to be aware of how hot the brakes on your bike are getting so that this does not happen to you.
What To Do When Brakes Overheat
When your bike’s disc brake overheat, you should reduce your speed and apply the brakes as gently and evenly as possible. To prevent future heat problems, you should adjust the brake pads to ensure a steady pressure on both sets so that they do not need to overwork on one side.
Overheating brakes are a common problem for bike owners, especially if they live in a place with hot weather. For those who ride their bikes in hotter areas, it is best to avoid riding your bike over steep hills as this will increase the chances of overheating your brakes. In fact, it is generally advisable to avoid riding your bike on steep hills rather than try to fix overheating brakes.
Should I Worry About Heat Build-up On My Bike’s Disc Brakes?
Heat build-up on a bike’s disc break is always a concern. If you notice build-up on your disc brakes, it is important that you get them inspected immediately.
Should My Bike’s Brake Fluid Boil?
The brake fluid in the pads may boil when you are riding down a long descent or at high speeds. Brake fluid inside of the brake lines does not boil.
You can tell if the brake fluid in your pads is boiling because it will be bubbling around your bike brakes. This is not something that you can fix on the road; instead, you should take a look at your brake pads to see if there is something wrong. For example, you will need to replace the pads if they are already worn down a lot or scratched.
If replacing the pads doesn’t solve the problem, then you may need to get new brake discs if the current ones have become damaged or warped. If you do not have any replacement discs, then your only option is to stop riding for the day until you can get replacements for your bike disc breaks.
When Should I Replace My Disc Brake Pads?
Over time, the disc pads on your bike will wear down. This is why it is important to make sure that you inspect them regularly to make sure that they are still moving smoothly and not creating excessive heat.
If you notice that your disc pads are worn or damaged, be sure to change them right away. At the same time, be sure to inspect the rest of your disc brakes as well to make sure everything else is in good shape.
Related: How to Adjust Brakes On Your MTB
All said, bike brakes are not a serious safety concern and the high temperatures that they reach DO NOT pose a safety threat. If you are riding your bike on a steep hill descent, the kinetic energy build-up is an ok reason for temperature rise on the brakes. Once you slow down, the brakes cool off naturally.
But as always, be the best judge and regularly inspect your bike’s braking system to ensure that any heat build-up is not from abnormal causes.